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Istanbul is such a great place to visit! Located at the confluence of two continents, it offers the best of both worlds in terms of culture and civilization. While in Istanbul, make time to visit a few of the museums in the central area such as Hagia Sophia, Topkapi, Dolmabahce, The Blue Mosque and The Sunken Palace, also known as the Istanbul Cistern or Yerebatan Sarnici. You can save some money by purchasing an Istanbul Museum Pass – a card that grants you the entrance to many of these cultural landmarks of the old Constantinople.
How Yerebatan Sarnici, The Sunken Palace, Supplied a Whole Palace with Water
I just went to the toilet before starting typing this article. I flushed, then turned on the water tap, washed my hands, admired myself in the mirror, brushed my hair for the 10th time today, then turned off the water tap. I didn’t give even the smallest thought to the miracle that I can have water by simply pushing a button or lifting a tap. I didn’t care that water kept on running in vain for minutes. I took it for granted. I’m paying for it, aren’t I? Who cares, then, how much do I use?
So many little things that ease our lives we just take for granted, while others have to fight and suffer for them. We want to believe we are good people. We genuinely care about those who lack the basics for a decent living. Do we? Maybe we would be less wasteful if we really cared.
I wonder whether people who lived in the Great Palace of Constantinople and later on in Topkapi had such thoughts. They must have had water even when common citizens outside the city gates lacked it. The palace had an underground water supply and filtration system as large as a cathedral. Initially it had a storage capacity of 80,000 tons. Later on, it was enlarged to accommodate 100,000 tons of water. The water in the Basilica Cistern was brought from 19km away through aqueducts.
That much water would put a lot of pressure on the walls of any recipient. Yerebatan Sarnici (The Sunken Cistern), also known as Yerebatan Sarayi (The Sunken Palace) is surrounded by a 4 meters thick wall and insulated with waterproof mortar. The impressive weight is supported by 336 marble columns bound by cross-shaped vaults and an arched roof. This amazing work of architecture which lies deep into the heart of Istanbul is now a museum that can be visited. It also was the location for a James Bond movie: From Russia with Love. If you played the video game Assassin’s Creed: Revelation, you had a chance to explore Yerebatan Sarnici (there is a sequence in the game entitled just like this) in the virtual space.
How To Find Yerebatan Sarnici in Istanbul
In the real world, the basilica cistern is right at the entrance in Sultanahmet Square, very close to Hagia Sophia. The construction is not so big on the outside, but if you look close to the tramway station, you’ll notice a small stone building with a door, in front of which there would be an impressive line of tourists: there it is, the entrance to Yerebatan Sarayi, The Sunken Palace.
I have a piece of advice for those of you who want to see the cistern: be there in the morning. The opening time is 9:00. If you could get there 20-30 minutes before nine, that would be great, otherwise you might have to wait several rounds to get inside. Access is permitted in groups only, meaning that you can go by yourself, but you’ll visit together with a big group of tourists.
The tours aren’t guided. If you want, you can have a private guide, but you’d need to find her yourself. Alternatively, you can read about the history of Basilica Cistern online and focus only on taking photos and on feeling the spirit of the place.
You can take as many photos as you wish, you can even use your flash, nobody minds (or at least this was the situation by the time I visited the underground cistern).
Keep in mind, though, that there’s not a lot of light inside, so take your tripod with you. For best results, I’d say a wide angle lens would be great, as it would enable you to capture more of these impressive pillars. Consider using a longer exposure, so that you can get rid of other visitors in your photos. I had to wait for all other people to get out, in order to get the above shots.
And next time your water tap leaks or you let it run while daydreaming, think about how many people had to work to bring that water to your place. Think about Yerebatan Sarnici!